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The default sample rate, The 48 kHz sample rate is often used in video projects. Using higher sample rates depends on your hardware capabilities and project needs.

Choose a custom startup action to tell Logic Pro what to do when you launch it. If you, like me, are a mere mortal, you might want to open the most recent project on startup.

Then select your startup action. Logic Pro is kind enough to ask you what to do when it starts. Figure Customize your startup action. Opening a project You can open a project in several ways. You can click a project file in Finder, which will launch Logic Pro and open the project. If another project is open, Logic Pro will ask if you want to close the project.

To switch between open projects, choose Window on the main menu and then select the project in the list at the bottom of the menu. It can also open projects created with earlier versions of Logic Pro. If this is your first time launching Logic Pro X, you can open a demo project from the Help menu.

Saving a project When you create your project, it is autosaved in the Logic folder under the temporary name Untitled. In the Save dialog that appears, name your project and choose a location or keep the default location, which is the Logic folder. You can choose to organize your project as a package or a folder. A package saves your project as a single file that includes all project assets. A folder saves the project file and saves its assets in subfolders.

You can also choose to copy specific file types into your project. The benefit to saving a project without assets is that you conserve hard drive space. The downside is that it can be easy to mistakenly delete assets the project depends on.

Hard drive space is inexpensive, so it makes sense to include all assets in your project folder. By doing so, organizing, moving, and archiving projects will be easier. I find saving projects as packages is the simplest approach. You can view the contents of packages all package file types, including Pages, Keynote, and Numbers files by Ctrl-clicking the package in Finder and choosing Show Package Contents. All your audio files and assets will be in the Finder window that opens. If you want to save the project with a different name or in a different location, choose Save As on the File menu.

If you want to create a copy of the project, choose Save a Copy As on the File menu. Both are on the File menu. The Close command simply closes the currently focused window. However, if your project has only one window open, which is often the case, using the Close command will also close your current project.

For example: C Mixolydian bpm funk verse 1 Naming your file this way enables you to match projects based on mode and tempo. If you eventually come up with a title for your project, use the Save As command described earlier or just rename the project file in Finder.

Augmenting Your Project Projects are so basic to your workflow that you may take them for granted after a while. But you can do several cool things at the project level that will make your time with Logic Pro more productive.

Saving time with project templates When you create a project see earlier in this chapter , you see Project Chooser, where you can begin a project from a premade template.

These default templates are excellent starting places. You can also create your own project templates. You find out how to create an orchestral template in Chapter Templates are excellent productivity tools. I spent hours hunched over a computer keyboard instead of doing my homework, completely focused, with no bathroom breaks, until the electricity went out.

Even though I was crushed, I jumped back in, and sequencing was much easier the second time around. Fortunately for you, Logic Pro X autosaves your work. If Logic Pro should crash, when you reopen the project, it will ask you to choose an autosaved version or the last manually saved version. However, even though the program autosaves, get in the habit of saving your work after every important change you make.

Recover from problems with project backups What would you do if your computer was stolen or ruined? Barring the financial considerations of buying a new computer, could you recover quickly? If I were to lend you my own computer, could you rebound and save the game? I back up all my computers using Apple Time Capsule, built-in Time Machine software, and a few rotating external drives.

I also back up my entire computer offline using Amazon S3 cloud storage. I sync my current projects using Dropbox so I can work on them at multiple computers. As long as you have Show Advanced Tools selected in the Advanced Preferences pane see Chapter 1 , you can revert to an earlier saved version of your project.

Every time you save your project, a backup is made. A list of your time-stamped project backups allows you to go back in time to a previously saved project. Create options with project alternatives You can create alternative projects within a project. This feature saves you from creating new projects or copies of projects every time you want to try something new. If everything is self-contained, you can try things out until your mad genius is content.

As shown in Figure , each project alternative is time-stamped, which helps you know which project is the most recent and which is the original. Figure Rename and remove project alternatives. Create an alternative with a short intro geared towards music industry professionals. Or try different instrumentations. Or if your band has a prima donna who needs to be louder than everyone else, let that band member hear 25 26 Part I: Leaping into Logic Pro X the louder version while the rest of the band hears the version you so expertly crafted.

Or perhaps you want to hear how the project would sound with a song section in a different place. With project alternatives, you can record a female singer on the version you want the public to hear but record a male singer when sending the demo to potential clients or artists. Or create an alternative without the vocal, in case the singer needs to perform the song to a backing track. See Chapter 19 for information on the different alternate mixes you should produce.

Figure Set global settings for your project. Selecting bars and beats stores tempo information in the audio files you create. Using the Time setting also changes the primary ruler to display time instead of bars and beats. You can also control an external click via MIDI if you prefer to use a different sound. The MIDI settings give you several options for recordings that overlap. You can create take folders, join the regions, or create new tracks.

These settings are covered in depth in Chapter 7. You can also set the audio recording path in this window.

You can also experiment with several alternate scale types, though most people stick with Equal Tempered. Sample rates are described in detail in Chapter 5. You can adjust the automatic management and naming of channel strips. If you plan on mixing in surround sound, you can choose your surround format. This pane has many settings, and most are for professional notation.

If you plan on printing a lead sheet, quick parts, or guitar tablature, you may need to check out these settings. Otherwise, the default settings are often all you need. Project templates save you time and give your clicking finger relief so you can use it for more creative pursuits. Importing settings from other projects into your current project is a breeze. A dialog asks you to find the project from which you want to import settings.

Select the project, choose Import, and the window in Figure appears, displaying the settings you can import into your project. Select the project settings you want to copy and click Import. Figure Copy settings from other projects. If you want to import track content the audio and MIDI regions and channel strip settings from another project, you use another project import option. In the dialog that appears, select the project from which you want to import and then click Import.

The all files browser opens on the right side of the main window and displays the track import view, as shown in Figure Decide what you want to import by selecting the check boxes. You can also bring in markers and other global track content. Replace mode works on only a single track at a time. As you can see, you can import information into your current project in several ways.

Another way to get to the projects import function is to use the all files browser and navigate to a Logic project. Click the All Files tab of the browser, select the project from which you want to import, and double-click the project or click the Import button at the bottom of the browser. The browser displays the track import view, and you can choose what you would like to import into your current project.

Export your project for collaboration You might want to export your project for several reasons. Perhaps you want to collaborate with other artists or you want to work on your project in a different software application. You can also export portions of your project for use in other projects. The dialog shown in Figure appears. Name your file, choose the loop type, select the scale and genre, and add other tags and instrument descriptors.

Click Create to export your Apple loop and add it to the loop library. In the dialog that appears, select the file location, audio file format, and bit depth. In the dialog that appears, select the audio format, the bit depth, and other options that will determine how the tracks are processed before they are exported. That way, if you have marker data, it will be exported along with the tempo information, and your Pro Tools user will have a marker and tempo map to import with the audio files.

The Pro Tools user will thank you and treat you like a hero! All the used regions will be exported, including their track and position references and volume automation. Software instruments and automation data are exported as audio, but MIDI tracks are ignored.

You should give your project a spring-cleaning to get it ready for the next season in its life. This function is safe to use because it deletes only unused data. Figure The consolidate function copies and includes all used assets in the project.

Use this function when you need to get to your project file quickly. A good backup strategy can save you from downtime and avoidable, life-shortening stress. Hard drives fail, so back up your project files on CD or DVD and consider using a service that allows you to back up offsite. Also, because Logic Pro X will probably not be the final version of this amazing software, export your tracks as audio files so that you can import them into a version of Logic Pro down the line.

Your future self will thank you. You can do most of what you need to do right in the main window. But you can also open windows separately and push windows to different displays. The program is as flexible as it is simple. In this chapter, you discover how to navigate the Logic Pro interface. You also learn some timesaving tricks and smart ways to use key commands to accomplish the bulk of your work. Navigating Logic Pro X with speed and purpose will put your music out in the world and build your project catalog.

Navigating Logic Pro To get the most out of Logic Pro X, you should know the name and purpose of each area of the main window. The main window title makes more sense because you can use it to do a lot more than just arrange. The name also stresses the importance of this Logic Pro key element. The main window includes the tracks area and the control bar. To display the main window, choose View on the main menu bar. When you create a project, Logic Pro asks you what type of track you would like to create.

The tracks you create are added to the vertical track list to the left of the tracks area. I cover the track list in more detail later in this chapter. Download a Logic Pro X project template with several tracks and regions so you can follow along with the examples in this chapter. The toolbar above the tracks area, shown in Figure , contains several menus to help you work. Figure The tracks area toolbar. The options in this menu are almost identical to the options in the Edit submenu in the main application menu, so you have two places to execute commands.

When you want to do something to a region, check out the Functions and Edit menus first. If Advanced Editing is selected in the Advanced Preferences pane see Chapter 1 , you have a Link option to control the relationship between open windows. Selecting the secondary ruler is useful when you want to view your project ruler in clock time as well as in bars and beats. The Scroll in Play option continually scrolls the tracks area as you play.

I turn off the Scroll in Play option because I like my tracks area to snap when it reaches the end instead of continually scrolling. The tracks area behaves more like sheet music, where you have to turn a page when you get to the end, but Logic Pro is your personal page turner. I find it harder to follow the tracks area when it scrolls. Both tool menus are described in detail later in the chapter. You can choose the snap mode from the drop-down menu to the right of the tool menus.

At the top of the drop-down menu, you can choose a finer snap value if you need to move a region more precisely. To make use of snap modes, select Snap to Grid in the Edit menu. The different drag modes allow you to overlap, not overlap, crossfade, or shuffle regions in a track. Overlap mode preserves the region borders of the selected region when you drag it on top of another region.

No Overlap shortens the right boundary of the region on the left. X-Fade creates a crossfade the length of the overlapped area. The shuffle modes move the regions in the direction of the particular shuffle mode selection; in addition, resizing a region resizes all the regions, and deleting a region moves the regions by the length of the deleted region. Shuffle is a complicated function that is used mostly in Chapter 3: Exploring the Main Window and Tracks Area audio situations such as editing voice-overs or audio interviews and not in musical settings.

Controlling the control bar The control bar, which is shown in Figure , is located at the top of the main window. It contains view icons that show and hide windows, transport controls for playback and recording, an LCD display area for viewing important information about your project, and icons for different behavior modes and specific functions.

Figure The control bar. You can customize the control bar by Control-clicking an empty area and choosing the Customize Control Bar option.

After you customize the control bar the way you like it, save it as a template so you can recall it later. When you become comfortable using key commands to navigate Logic Pro, you may never need to click the control bar. But it still provides a good heads-up display, indicating whether certain functions are engaged. The leftmost group of view icons displays the library, inspector, and toolbar. To the right of the view icons are the Quick Help icon and the editor icons.

The library is one of the most powerful new features in Logic Pro X, and you find out about it throughout the book. The key command to open the Library is Y.

The inspector is more like three inspectors in one. The key command to open the inspector is I. You can customize the toolbar by Control-clicking it and choosing Customize Toolbar. Details on creating key commands are provided later in the chapter. The smart controls are displayed in the main window below the tracks area. The content of the smart controls editor depends on the selected track.

Smart controls decide which parameters you need the most, and they do an almost perfect job. The key command to open the smart controls is B. The mixer is so versatile and great that it gets plenty of attention throughout this book, including an entire chapter on mixing Chapter Like the smart controls, the mixer appears at the bottom of the tracks area.

The key command to open the mixer is X. The editors open at the bottom of the tracks area; which editors you see depends on whether you have an audio, a MIDI, or a drummer region selected. All editors are covered in detail in Chapters 14 and The key command to open the editors is E. You can customize the control bar to contain your choice of 17 transport icons. Chapter 3: Exploring the Main Window and Tracks Area Because all these functions are easily performed with key commands, I display only the most important controls on my transport.

I always display the stop, play, and record icons because when you click and hold down on them, you see additional options that you often need to adjust throughout your work.

You can see your project in beats, time, or a customized display. To change the display mode, click the left section of the display and make a selection. A useful feature of the custom display options is to open a giant beats or time display in a separate floating window for viewing from afar. You can enter data directly into the LCD display by double-clicking or click-dragging for tempo and location. You edit other key project parameters, such as key and time signatures, by clicking the display and manually entering the data.

You can customize the control bar so that is displays your most important modes and functions. A few mode icons, such as cycle mode, are useful to have available, even if you know the corresponding key command, because their pressed state lets you know quickly whether the mode is enabled.

The list editors icon opens a window on the right side of the tracks area with four tabs: Event, Marker, Tempo, and Signature. Each tab gives you editing access to the smallest details of your project data.

The Event tab updates its display depending on what you have selected. The Marker, Tempo, and Signature tabs show events that affect your project globally. The key command to open the list editors window is D. I keep copious notes throughout my project, so I open these tabs a lot. The Project notes tab is a great place to write song lyrics. You can filter your loops by using the descriptive icons or you can search for them directly in the search field.

Selecting a loop automatically auditions it. When you find one you like, drag it to the bottom of the tracks area, where you see the Drag Apple Loops Here text. The key command to open the Apple loop browser is O.

The project browser shows you all the audio in your project. The media browser shows you all the media on your computer that is indexed by iTunes, GarageBand, and Logic Pro, as well as the movies in your User Movies folder. The all files browser works similarly to Finder; you can navigate to any location on your computer to import media. The key command to open the browser is F. As you can see, the control bar gives you lots of, well, control.

Even though most of these modes and functions are available as key commands, having them in your line of sight can help your workflow. For starters, you can click them. But more than that, they make great visual reminders of what you can do with Logic Pro. Double-click an audio, a MIDI, or a drummer region and the corresponding editor will open at the bottom of the tracks area. An audio region defaults to the audio track editor. A drummer region defaults to the drummer editor.

Figure The editors area. The MIDI editor displays tabs for the score and step editors in addition to the piano roll editor. The audio editor shows a tab for the audio file editor in addition to the audio track editor. Just like the tracks area, the editors area has a toolbar with edit, functions, and view menus; icons; tool menus; and snap and zoom settings. You find out what the editors can do in Chapters 14 and Figure The inspector. The strip on the left corresponds to the currently selected track.

The strip on the right is dynamic and is discussed further in Chapter You can change the track icon here, which I love to do. You discover what the track inspector can do in Chapter 4. The details in both the region and track inspector panes depend on what kind of track or region is selected.

Understanding the difference between the track and region inspector panes will save you from a lot of confusion as you work. You discover more about tracks and regions in Chapter 4. Taking Inventory of Your Track List Every track you create is added to the track list and given a track header, as shown in Figure You can reorder tracks by dragging the track headers to new locations in the list.

You can also navigate your track list by using the up and down arrow keys. Figure A track header. Make headway with track headers Track headers are customizable and resizable. Select the additional items you want to see in your track headers and click Done.

You can also Control-click any track header to pull up the Track Header Configuration dialog. You can resize the track header vertically or horizontally by placing your cursor at the top, bottom, or right edge of the track header and dragging when your cursor changes to the resize pointer.

A control surface, such as your iPad, is a hardware device that allows you to control a digital audio workstation such as Logic Pro. Many MIDI controllers can also be used as control surfaces, which allow you to use hardware to control the onscreen faders, knobs, buttons, and displays. Selecting this check box also gives you the option to select the Color Bars check box, which colorizes the track numbers area and visually organizes your tracks. You find out more about track colors in the next section.

When a groove track is selected, a star will appear to the right of the track number and all other tracks will have check boxes that you can select to make a track follow the groove track. For the details on groove tracks, see Chapter Track icons are useful visual indicators and look cool, too. You can also customize what the column displays by using the drop-down menu in the track header configuration dialog.

When a track is turned off, it is silenced. The solo icon mutes every track except the soloed track. You can mute or solo multiple tracks at once by clicking and holding down on the icon and dragging your cursor up or down the track list.

Protecting a track is useful when you want to make sure it remains exactly as it is, without accidental changes. This feature is useful for software instruments and audio tracks with lots of plug-in effects that require a lot of processing power.

With freeze enabled, all plug-ins including software instruments are temporarily deactivated and the track is turned into an audio file that includes all effects. Use this icon whenever you need to set audio levels for recording or to practice a part you plan to record. Plus, I find the mixer controls better suited for the job. The volume slider does double-duty as a level meter. You can change the pan control to an effects send control.

You learn more about send effects in Chapter You can quickly rename a track in the track header by pressing Shift-Return and typing the new name. You can get through the entire track list by pressing Tab between each new name. Chapter 3: Exploring the Main Window and Tracks Area Make it pretty with track colors Track colors not only make your tracks pretty but also help you identify tracks and groups of tracks quickly. In the track header configuration dialog refer to Figure , you can display the color bars to aid visual recognition.

When you create new regions on a track, they are also colorized in the same color. You can even change the color of regions independently of the track color. However, selecting a track automatically selects all the regions on the track, so if you colorize a track while all the regions are selected, those regions will also change color.

To change a track color, Control-click a track and choose Assign Track Color. By default, MIDI tracks are colorized green and audio tracks are blue. I always group my tracks by color. Drums get their own color, lead vocals get their own color, background vocals get a different color — you get the idea.

Group your groups with color. Fortunately, you can zoom tracks in several ways. With Auto Track Zoom on, as in Figure , the currently selected track will automatically zoom horizontally. You see not only more of the track contents but also a quick indicator of which track is selected and has focus.

The key command makes it easy to toggle between the two zoom states. Figure Auto track zoom on a selected track. Drag the sliders to adjust the zoom level. If you want to zoom in on a specific area of your tracks, you can use the zoom tool.

Your cursor will temporarily turn into the zoom tool, and the area you select will automatically zoom when you release the cursor. To get back to the previous level of zoom, press Control-Option while clicking anywhere in the tracks area. You can recall up to three levels of zoom by using the zoom tool. This means you can zoom in on a large portion of your project, zoom in on a smaller section, zoom in on a single part of a region, and then recall each one in sequence just by pressing Control-Option and clicking the tracks area.

If a region is not selected, this zoom command zooms out to fit all the content in the tracks area. The tracks and regions are smaller and you can view all your content. If you have any regions selected, the same command will zoom in on those regions. One more zoom to consider is the Waveform Vertical Zoom. This zoom feature makes your audio waveforms larger in the regions without making the regions themselves bigger.

If you forget the key command, use the waveform vertical zoom icon to the left of the zoom sliders in the tracks area toolbar refer to Figure The default state of zoom should be to see the entire project. You learned how to zoom out to see your entire project by pressing Z with no regions selected. From that position, you can easily see where you want to focus and get there quickly by Option-Command-dragging over the area.

This method of zooming creates an efficient workflow. You can zoom in and out of your project in many other ways, as you discover later in the chapter when you read about creating your own key commands.

But Logic Pro is about having fun. So think of your toolbox as a fun box. The toolbar in the tracks area has several tools you can play with. Another important key command is T. This key command opens the tools menu, as shown in Figure In several windows, including the tracks area and most of the editors, pressing T opens the tools menu, and you can choose a tool with your cursor or with the keyboard shortcuts listed on the right.

Note that the keyboard shortcut for the default pointer tool is also T, giving you an efficient workflow in which you can press T twice to get back to the pointer quickly. Figure The tool menu in the tracks area. Using the pointer tool, you can copy items by Option-dragging them. Grabbing the corners and edges of regions can temporarily cause the pointer to take a descriptive shape as an indicator of additional pointer functions.

Place your cursor over the upper half of the right side of a region to turn the cursor into the loop tool. With the loop tool active, dragging the region corner to the right loops the region. What makes the pencil unique is that it creates regions when you click in 47 48 Part I: Leaping into Logic Pro X empty track areas. If multiple regions or events are selected and you click one of them with the eraser tool, all selected items will be deleted. However, if you are going to delete several items in a row, clicking with the eraser tool is faster than selecting each item one by one and pressing Delete after each.

The scissors tool has a special Option-click behavior that can split a region into portions of equal length. You can also click-drag the scissors tool over a region to find the right place to make your split. You can also click-drag over items to select them before joining them. With the solo tool, click and hold down on a region to hear it. You can also drag the solo tool through the region to listen to whatever the tool touches, a process known as scrubbing. You can select multiple items and mute or unmute them all at once or simply click any region to mute or unmute it.

The mute tool is a useful arranging tool because you can quickly hear how sections of music will sound without the muted part. Another trick with the zoom tool: If your cursor is over an empty part of the tracks area, you only have to press Option to make your cursor the zoom tool. You can edit the length of the fade by dragging the start or end point with the fade tool. You can also adjust the curve of the fade by dragging up or down within the start and end points. When automation is active, the automation select tool allows you to select automation data for editing.

Show Advanced Tools in the Advanced Preferences pane must be selected to enable automation tools. You find out more about automation in Chapter You drag the marquee tool over the objects you want to select or edit.

The marquee selection can also be used for punch recording, which you learn about in Chapter 6. The flex tool will save you from throwing away recordings that contain mistakes because you can fix them.

You have two tools available at all times. Smart controls are dynamic. For example, if you have a compressor and EQ plug-in on a track, the smart controls will give you a combination of the most important controls of each plug-in. If a software instrument track is selected, the smart controls will also include parameters that affect the sound of the instrument.

Last but not least, smart controls look cool and make you want to play with them. I memorized the smart controls key command by remembering the word best, as in best controls. Figure The smart controls. At the top of the smart controls is a menu bar. If the selected track is a software instrument track, an arpeggiator icon appears on the right side of the menu bar, as shown in the margin. An arpeggiator turns the chords you play into arpeggios, or one note played after another as opposed to simultaneously.

Click the icon to turn on the arpeggiator and a pop-up menu will appear so you can choose a preset or adjust the settings. The arpeggiator is a popular synth effect across many genres. To enable the smart controls icons and features described in this chapter, Show Advanced Tools must be selected in the Advanced Preferences pane.

On the left side of the smart controls menu bar is the smart controls inspector icon shown in the margin and a Compare button. The icon opens the inspector on the left side of the Smart Controls window, as shown in Figure The Compare button compares the edited smart controls with the saved version. You find out how to adjust the plug-ins directly in Chapter Think of smart controls as shortcuts to the sound parameters that you use most often.

For example, if your track contains a software instrument, such as an electric piano, the smart controls will give you the knobs that are frequently needed to adjust the sound of an electric piano. If you were to also add an effect to the track, the smart controls will readjust based on the new setup.

But what if you want to manually customize the smart controls for a particular purpose? Fortunately, smart controls are as flexible as they are intelligent.

They also have a menu of gorgeous layouts designed to emulate the look and feel of gear you may be familiar with, such as classic guitar amps and instruments.

To change the smart controls layout, follow these steps: 1. Click the inspector icon. The smart controls inspector opens to the left of the screen controls.

At the top of the inspector is the name of the current layout refer to Figure The default layout is Automatic Smart Controls. Click the name of the current layout at the top of the inspector. A pop-up menu appears. Make a selection from the menu of layouts. The smart controls are updated. Manually mapping smart controls When you open the smart controls and choose Automatic Smart Controls as the layout, all the screen controls are mapped to the track parameters automatically.

To map smart controls automatically: 1. Open the smart controls inspector by clicking the inspector icon in the smart controls menu bar. Open the Parameter Mapping area by clicking the disclosure triangle refer to Figure Automatically mapping your controls is a great starting place and usually gives you control over the parameters you need. You can manually map smart controls in two ways.

The first way is to map controls by using the Learn button: 1. Open the smart controls inspector. In the layout, select the control that you want to map to a parameter. Depending on the current layout, your controls could include knobs, faders, switches, buttons, and other interfaces.

Click the Learn button next to the Parameter Mapping menu in the inspector. The Learn button flashes orange to indicate that learn mode is active. Click the plug-in or channel strip parameter you want to control. For example, you might click the volume slider on the track. Channel strip parameters and plug-ins are described in Chapter Click the Learn button again to finish mapping controls.

The selected control now adjusts your track volume. The first method is great if you know which parameters you want to adjust. The second way allows you to map controls by browsing the Parameter Mapping pop-up menu.

Select the control in the layout you want to map to a parameter. Click the parameter mapping disclosure triangle see the margin to open the mapping area, and then click the parameter name or click Unmapped if the control is unmapped. Choose the parameter you want to control. You can add additional parameters to the control by clicking the parameter name in the inspector and choosing Add Mapping.

In addition to adding mappings, you can copy and delete mappings from the same pop-up menu. For example, you might want a volume knob to never go all the way down and all the way up. You might want the control to modify a specific range. If you have more than one parameter mapped, you can change the order of the parameters by dragging the left side of the parameter name up or down the list. Controlling the controls with your controller A major benefit of smart controls is how much time they save you.

Instead of having to open plug-ins and instrument interfaces and find the parameters you need to change, smart controls give you the most used controls in a simple and beautiful interface. The setup is super fast: 1. Click the inspector icon to display the smart controls inspector. In the layout, click the control that you want to control. I use it to select my opportunities, schedule my time, and guide my songwriting. Click the external assignment disclosure triangle to display the assignment name field.

Click the Learn button. Move the control on your MIDI device that you want to pair with the selected control on the layout. As long as the Learn button is enabled, you can continue to select controls in your smart controls layout and move controls on your MIDI device to pair the hardware and software. I sometimes talk about key commands on intimate dates and important holiday gatherings.

I find them to be festive and captivating. Learn any new key commands lately? Your cursor is automatically placed in the search field. If you press Tab, your cursor will move to the key commands list and pressing any key combination will instantly take you to the associated command.

Figure The Key Commands window. The key command to open the key commands is Option-K. Anything you do to your project you can undo. From the Key Commands window, you can create your own key commands: 1. Search or browse for the command. Select the command and then click the Learn by Key Label button. If you have a keyboard with a numeric keypad and you want to distinguish between number keys on the alphanumeric keyboard or numeric keyboard, press the Learn by Key Position button instead.

A full-size keyboard is a great tool for music production. The additional keypad can store a lot of key commands. Press the key and modifier key or keys. If the key command is already in use, an alert will ask you to cancel the operation or replace the key command.

Click the Learn by Key Label button again to finish. How about assigning commands to your MIDI controller? Simply follow these steps: 1. Search or Browse for the command. Click the Learn New Assignment button. Press a button on your MIDI controller. Click the Learn New Assignment button again to finish.

To delete a key command, select the command and click the Delete button. To delete a controller assignment, select the command and click the Delete Assignment button. Being able to expand and collapse the key command menus will help you browse all your choices. Fortunately, the original set of key commands is a great place to start. To the right of the Options menu is an additional drop-down menu to show all, used, or unused key commands. Some functions are available only by using a key command.

If you open the Key Commands window once a session and learn a new key command, it will be a valuable session. You could probably imagine having two or three inch displays with everything open all at once. So what do you do when you get your screen just the way you like it? You create a screenset, a snapshot of your current screen layout.

I love screensets. Whenever I move windows around and get them the way I like them for a particular job, I save it as a screenset. If I need to do a different job with a different focus, I create a new screenset. I give you some ideas about how you can use screensets later, but first let me show you exactly what screensets are and how they help you make more music.

The numbered menu to the right of the Window menu shows you what screenset is currently selected. Screensets store window size and placement, your control bar customization, your zoom level, and much more. You can assign screensets to all the number keys except 0, which makes them easy to navigate.

You can also store double-digit screensets. To create screensets higher than 9, press Control with the first digit. Name your screenset in the dialog that appears and press OK.

After you have a screenset exactly how you like it, you can lock it from the Screenset menu. You can also delete and rename screensets from the Screenset menu. Screensets are easy to recall because all you have to do is use your number keys.

I reserve screenset number 9 for project notes and number 8 for track notes. Both screensets have the Notes window open and set to the correct tab so I can quickly jot down ideas and references and keep a change log. Screenset number 1 is reserved as an ad hoc workspace where I can set up windows for specific workflows and then duplicate the screenset to its own name and number.

Each track gives you independent control over the sound and placement of a single sound source. Now we have nondestructive recording and editing with steps of undo history. Regions are objects on your tracks that you create, edit, and manipulate until your ear is content.

Regions are versatile containers for your creative ideas. In this chapter, you find out about several track types and region types as well as gain some basic region editing skills.

Knowing Your Track Types As described in Chapter 3, the tracks you create are added to the vertical track list to the left of the tracks area, as shown in Figure You can also create specific track types with key commands and with the Tracks menu.

In this section, you discover what the different track types do and how to create them. Audio track An audio track, like the one shown in Figure , can contain audio regions, audio Apple loops, and imported audio files. You use an audio track when you want to record a live instrument or a microphone, as described in Chapter 6. You can also import prerecorded audio files and loops into your project, as described in Chapter 8.

Figure An audio track. You can edit audio tracks by using the audio track editor or the audio file editor. For more on editing audio, see Chapter Figure A software instrument track.

The marketplace for Audio Unit instruments and effects is massive. Lots of great developers are out there to help you bring your imagination into reality. You can edit software instrument tracks by using the piano roll editor, score editor, and step editor, which you will learn about in Chapter Drummer track A drummer track is used when you want to add a virtual drummer to your project.

Figure A drummer track. For information on creating key commands, see Chapter 3. You learn how to make beats with Drummer in Chapter 9. Drummer, which is new to Logic Pro X, plays and sounds amazing. Because Drummer was created using human drummers and recording engineers, it sounds natural. It can even respond to a track of your choosing.

You can have only one drummer track per project. All this is discussed in Chapter 9. The external MIDI track has no audio capabilities and no plug-ins. Using different MIDI ports and MIDI channels allows you to build a project that can communicate with many different external instruments, up to 16 channels per instrument. If you want to receive the audio signal from the external MIDI device, you must create a separate audio track to monitor or record the audio.

Track stacks Track stacks, an innovation in Logic Pro X, help you organize your tracks by placing them as subtracks within a main track. You expand and collapse the track stack by using the disclosure triangle, as shown in Figure Figure A track stack. All the tracks can be automated, soloed, muted, and grouped as a whole. All tracks in a summing stack send their audio outputs to a collective auxiliary track.

You find out more about audio routing and auxiliary tracks in Chapter To create a track stack, follow these steps: 1. Select the tracks you want to include in the track stack. Select the type of track stack you want to create. Your choices are Folder Stack or Summing Stack.

Click Create. The tracks are now grouped in a track stack. As mentioned previously in this section, summing track stacks can be saved as a patch for instant recall. For example, you can build an entire orchestral project with dozens of software instrument tracks as described in Chapter 12 and save the tracks as a patch.

Your orchestral track stack is then available for all your projects. Like smart controls, track stacks deliver a more productive workflow. To save a summing track stack as a patch, follow these steps: 1. Select the summing track stack in the track list. Click the Save button at the bottom of the library and name your patch. Click Save. Your patch is now saved in the library. To load a patch on a selected track, simply select the patch in the library. Folder track A folder track is similar to a track stack, but folder tracks are focused more on regions.

Track stacks organize tracks; folders organize regions. Figure A folder track. Select the regions in the tracks area. To view the contents of a folder track, double-click the folder.

To exit the folder, click the leave folder arrow on the far left of the tracks area menu, as shown in Figure Figure Folder track contents. Then choose Unpack Folder to New Tracks if you want to create tracks in the tracks area of the current project level, or choose Unpack Folder to Existing Tracks to use the existing tracks of the current project level.

As you just discovered, tracks do more than just hold audio and MIDI. They are creative instruments that you can play and explore. Global settings such as tempo and time signature changes affect the entire project, and you set them in your global tracks.

You might not see all available global tracks on the screen. To choose which global tracks are displayed, do the following: 1. Select the global tracks you want to show. Click Done. From navigating the user interface to working with real and virtual instruments, recording tracks, editing audio, adding plug-ins, and everything in between, you’ll learn how to turn your musical inspiration into a fully-engineered and mastered demo.

Shows you how to create a project, record live audio and MIDI tracks, import video, and mix songs like a pro Covers editing audio and adding effects and plug-ins to achieve your ideal sound Walks you through the entire audio engineering process from mix-down to mastering and exporting your final cut Includes information on how to use iPad and its touch interface to create amazing sound If you’re serious about your sound, Logic Pro X For Dummies is your ultimate guide to achieving the quality you’ve been dreaming of and turning the volume up on all your musical endeavors.

Podcasting For Dummies offers a fast and easy way to get the know-how you need to produce and distribute one of your very own. Written by a pair of podcasting pioneers, this book shares insight on the technology behind recording, editing, and sharing podcasts, along with tips and tricks on how to produce a pro-level podcast.

Podcasting has enjoyed a recent boom thanks to a new crop of hit podcasts catching the ears of the public and media along with the continued growth of mobile and streaming devices as a source for entertainment. If you want to jump on the podcasting bandwagon, you’ve come to the right place! In this fully updated edition, would-be and experienced podcasters alike will get all the tech information, production insight, and promotional tips they need to either get a podcast off the ground or improve on an existing one.

Get the gear you need Find your podcasting voice Find and build an audience Plan your podcast New tools have made it easier than ever to create a podcast—and this book shows you how. When most people think of a composer, they picture a bewigged genius like Mozart or Beethoven frenetically directing mighty orchestras in the ornate palaces of Vienna.

While that may have been the case once upon a time, modern composers make themselves heard far beyond the classical conservatoire and concert hall. These days, soundtracks are in high demand in industries such as TV, film, advertising, and even gaming to help create immersive and exciting experiences. Whatever your musical ambitions—composing a dark requiem in a beautiful Viennese apartment or producing the next great Star Wars-like movie theme in LA—the fully updated Music Composition For Dummies hits all the right notes to help you become confident in the theory and practice of composition.

To help you translate your musical ideas from fleeting tunes in your head to playable bars and notation on paper, professional composer and instructor Scott Jarrett and music journalist Holly Day take you on a friendly step-by-step journey through the process of musical creation, including choosing the right rhythms and tempos, creating melodies and chord progressions, and working with instruments and voices.

Organize and preserve your musical ideas Formalize your knowledge with professional vocabulary Get familiar with composition apps and software Make a demo and market on social media Filled with musical exercises to help you acquire the discipline you need for success, Music Composition For Dummies has everything you need to turn your inner soundtrack into a tuneful reality!

Written by a Logic Pro X trainer who’s used the software to further his own music career, Logic Pro X For Dummies cuts back on the time needed to learn the software and allows for more time making amazing recordings. Record live sound sources or built-in virtual instruments Arrange your tracks to edit, mix, and master Discover tips to speed the process and record on an iPad Make sense of the latest software updates A favorite among Logic Pro X beginners, this book is updated to reflect the ongoing changes added to enhance Logic Pro X’s recording power.

Today, the tools to create high-fidelity, multi-track audio are found on computers, tablets, and even smartphones. This friendly, no-jargon guide from a master musician, composer, and recording engineer shows you how to use technology to lay down, edit, mix, and master your ideas.

Along the way you’ll get insider tips that help you create your sound and transform your good recordings into great ones. Acquire the right hardware Find the ideal recording space Get to know different mics Record live or virtual sounds Get rhythmic with tracks and loops Enhance and edit tracks Polish songs to perfection Distribute your finished product. Now updated with what you need to know about the newest generation of hardware and software, Macs All-in-One For Dummies is your guide to simply everything: protecting your Mac; backing up and restoring data with Time Machine; managing applications on the Dock, Launchpad, and Desktop; syncing with iCloud, organizing your life with Calendar, Reminders, Notes, and Notifications; presenting with Keynote; crunching with Numbers; getting creative with iMovie and GarageBand—the list goes on!

Get started on your new Mac journey today! Mac” since —this guide starts with the basics, like getting set up, and explains more advanced uses, like making music and movies, exploring the expanding universe of apps and giving tips on how to save time and enhance productivity along the way. With this book, you’ll learn to Set up and connect your Mac Get friendly with Siri Enhance your world with apps Work better and faster Use the comprehensive capabilities of macOS Big Sur to do anything and everything you would like to do—and do it even better.

For beginners and experts alike, macOS Big Sur For Dummies is the best way to step into the magical world of getting things done with Mac. The harmonica is one of the most popular and versatile instruments in the world. There are several reasons harmonicas are awesome—you can play them anywhere, they’re inexpensive, and you can show off in dozens of musical styles.

The friendly and pleasingly tuneful Harmonica For Dummies is the fastest and best way to learn for yourself!

 

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Download PDF. Get More and Do More at Dummies. At home, at work, or on the go, Dummies is here to help you go digital! To access the Cheat Sheet created specifically for this book, go to www.

From eLearning to e-books, test prep to test banks, language learning to video training, mobile apps, and more, Dummies makes learning easier. All other logic pro x for dummies pdf free are the property of their respective owners. For general information on our other products and services, please contact our Customer Care Department within the U.

For technical support, please visit www. Wiley publishes in a variety of print and electronic formats and by print-on-demand. Logic pro x for dummies pdf free material included with standard print versions of this book may not be included in e-books or in print-on-demand.

For more information about Wiley products, visit www. Apple designs intuitive software that music producers love and at the best possible value. You learn how to record, arrange, edit, mix, and share your music, becoming a self-sufficient musician with your computer and Logic Pro. This book will guide you to make more music. My world would be a curious musical, filled with willing musical partners. Logic Pro X For Dummies is my honest attempt to make musical partners out of every reader, including you.

This book is designed to get you making music fast. Regardless of your current capabilities, the step-by-step instruction in this book will get you making music fast. I want you to feel confident using the software so you can complete more projects and share your music — with others and with me. This book gives you the most important information you need to quickly meet your musical goals and turn your ideas into completed projects.

English free change windows ultimate language 7 to Pro X For Dummies is organized for easy access. If you purchased the e-book, links are live and will take you directly to the web page. Foolish Assumptions As I said, I want to give you instant talent, but I have to make some assumptions about you, my friendly reader. I believe that you bought this book not only to learn how to use software but also to create music.

Logic Pro is the tool and your music is the reason the tool exists. I love to train musicians because they are great listeners. The more music you make, the better listener you become. Readers love to scan and I love to write for scanners. Tips go beyond step-by-step instruction into strategies and techniques to make better sounding music. Pay close attention to the tips! Introduction The Remember icon points out information that you need to keep in mind as you use Logic pro x for dummies pdf free Pro.

Logic pro x for dummies pdf free all, the book remembers everything for you in the long term. The Technical Stuff icon points out information that can be either skipped or treated as extra credit. The Warning icon is reserved for potential mistakes that could cause you to sound bad.

So when you see the Warning icon, please read it! Beyond the Book As logic pro x for dummies pdf free, I deliver content outside this book in the form of videos and project files. These videos should help you visualize the content of the book, and the project files are excellent resources for starting out. In addition, For Dummies books include one of my favorite tools of all time, the cheat sheet.

You also have access to Dummies. Where to Go from Here Although I wrote the book to be somewhat linear and to follow a logical progression, you can start anywhere you want. Because I reference chapters throughout the book, you should be able to open any chapter and follow along.

These chapters make up Part I and will get you started using Logic Pro and understanding how it works. Part II shows you how to record audio, load and play software instruments, and add prerecorded media to your project. Part V is dedicated to mixing audio so that the final result sounds good and is продолжить to share with the world. From the beginning of the book to the end, you have a powerful music production blueprint.

I hope you get what you need. If you should have a question, you can find me online or on Facebook at www. In this part Develop a productive workflow and mindset. Share your projects for collaboration and back up and secure your work.

Navigate the software interface, play and control your project, and explore the logic pro x for dummies pdf free. Adjust your tempo and time signature, save track settings for instant recall, and learn how to edit and loop regions.

I would argue that it was logical but not intuitive. The product just keeps getting better and better. One caveat: As you explore Logic Pro, remember your desired outcome. With so many bright and shiny objects in this deep and powerful app, getting distracted is easy.

Take command. Logic Pro listens. In this chapter, you discover why Logic Pro users are proud, productive, and ready to play. This product evolved into the Creator software program and eventually became Notator Logic pro x for dummies pdf free, which ran on the Atari system in the early 90s.

I have upgraded Logic Pro and the Mac operating system within /36521.txt week of new releases and have yet to encounter any problems. Some DAWs do one or the other really well, but Logic Pro does both with superb sound quality and ease of use. I rarely get asked hardware questions from my clients because the product just works. When you need to hand out chord charts to the band or provide fully engraved charts with advanced markup to the orchestra, Logic Pro has you covered.

Logic Pro can also create guitar tablature and add lyrics to your score. An inexpensive MIDI controller can be turned into a remote control for advanced control or when the hand you use for your mouse or trackpad begins to ache from overuse. If your computer can handle it, you can have audio tracks, software instrument tracks, and auxiliary tracks. You can run more plug-ins and more software instruments without a hiccup.

Surround sound, virtual vintage instruments, drum machines, guitar amps and pedals, pitch and time editing, and MIDI effects are a fraction of what you have available as a Logic Pro user. Congratulations on making such a smart choice to embrace Logic Pro.

Welcome to the club! I happen to be a fan of GarageBand and use it regularly because it integrates logic pro x for dummies pdf free well with Logic Pro. GarageBand 10 users are familiar with smart controls, but with Logic Pro X you can do a lot more with them, such as control and edit more parameters.

Being able to start projects on ссылка на подробности of those devices and continue working on them in GarageBand or Logic Pro creates a powerful workflow. Did I just give the whole book away right there? Not quite, but understanding Logic Pro is almost that simple. Just remember, if your objective is clear, Logic Pro can help you reach it.

From country to dance music, songwriting to film scoring, capturing MIDI performances to professional audio recording, Logic Pro will excite your passions and showcase your strengths. Lead the way and Logic Pro will follow. My advice to new невдупляю microsoft office plus professional 2010 activator free думаю seasoned Logic Pro users alike is to set a goal and work steadily towards that goal. Creativity loves speed. Slow and tedious labor kills creativity faster than anything.

So set a clear objective and move quickly towards completion. Planning your creative process You can always wait for inspiration to strike you — but you could end up waiting a logic pro x for dummies pdf free time. Are you learning something or creating something? So give yourself learning limits and give yourself creative projects. Connecting to the purpose of your project will keep you motivated and moving in a clear and forward direction.

Logic Pro comes with lots of tools and editors to help you achieve your creative goals. Spend 5 to 15 minutes learning a single tool, function, or editor. You will have many opportunities to do this throughout the book.

Lots of my students find it как сообщается здесь to separate writing a song from recording a song. Logic pro x for dummies pdf free a song means starting from scratch and trying out ideas. Not all projects have to be big and grand. A simple 8-bar piece of music can become a loop that you can use in another project or license to another artist.

Use the orchestral instruments or synthesizers to create a score for a video or just for fun. If you have any home videos подробнее на этой странице your computer, you can import them to Logic Pro and give them a soundtrack. Play the video at the next holiday reunion, and your film composition is sure to impress friends and family. Spend 30 minutes with any of the Logic Pro virtual instruments and come up with your own sounds.

Several synths even come with a randomize button to keep the sound fresh.